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The Zirkus Rosarius was a unit of the Luftwaffe tasked with evaluation of captured Allied aircraft, in the same way that units such as No. 1426 (Enemy Aircraft) Flight evaluated captured Axis aircraft.

HistoryEdit

The unit was formed by Theodor Rosarius in 1943 and was part of the 2./Versuchsverband Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe. The Zirkus also toured operational airfields showing Luftwaffe pilots the captured aircraft and training them in techniques to counter these aircraft. The Zirkus Rosarius seemed to have merited the use of its own Geschwaderkennung ("Geschwader code") of "T9", with a few of the unit's aircraft coming from KG-200, which already used the "A3" identification code of that wing.

Known captured aircraftEdit

Type Model Serial number Luftwaffe call sign[N 1] Notes
Lockheed P-38 L (F-5E) 44-23725 T9+MKex 354th Air Service Sq-Delivered intact by USAAF deserter Martin James Monti 13/10/1944
Lockheed P-38 G 43-2278 T9+XB (duplicated) 15th Air Force—accidentally landed at Capoterra Italy 12/061943.
Supermarine Spitfire LF.IX MK698 T9+EKex-No. 412 Squadron RCAF
Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI possibly MB945 T9+BB ex 14th Photo Squadron/7th PRG USAAF
North American NA-64 ? Armée de l'Air No. 44 DR+XD ?
North American P-51 Mustang B or C 42-103458 T9+CK *My Lady/Miss Marilyn*. Ex 325th Fighter Group's 318th Fighter Squadron. Captured 9 December 1944
North American P-51 Mustang B 43-24825 T9+HK "Jerry" Ex 334th Fighter Squadron. Captured 6 June 1944
Hawker Typhoon Ia EJ956 T9+GK (duplicated) Ex "SA-I" No. 486(NZ) Sqn.
Hawker Typhoon ? JP548 T9+GK (duplicated) Ex No. 174 Sqn.
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt D 42-22490 T9+FK ex 358th Fighter Sq/355th FG - captured 7/11/1943
Republic P-47 D-16-RE 42-75971 8+6 then T9+LK ex 301st Fighter Sq/332nd FG - captured 29/5/1944
de Havilland Mosquito B Mk IV Believed to be DZ466[3] T9+XB (duplicated)Missing from PR sorties to Paris area 20.2.43[N 2]
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress F 41-24585A3+AE"Wulf Hound" from KG 200; ex 360 Bomb Sq/303rd BG captured 12/12/1942
Boeing B-17 F42-30713"Phllis Marie" ex 568th Bomb Sq/390th Bomb Gp. Captured 8/3/1944
Boeing B-17 F42-30048A3+CE"Flak Dancer" ex. 554th Bomb Sq/384th Bomb Gp. Captured 26/6/1943
Boeing B-17 F42-5714DR+PB"Old Faithful" ex 332nd Bomb Squadron. Captured 14/10/1943
Boeing B-17 G42-39974?"Punchboard" ex 731st Bomb Sq/452nd Bomb Gp. Captured 9/4/1944
Bell P-39 Airacobra N(?) ?GE+DV?
Curtiss Kittyhawk Mark III ??10+KH?
Consolidated B-24 Liberator D41-23659I-RAIN"Blond Bomber II" ex 343rd BS, 98th BG, USAAF 20/2/1943
Consolidated B-24 Liberator G42-78106NF+FL"Sky Pirate" ex 758th Bombardment Squadron USAF captured 9/6/1944
Consolidated B-24 Liberator G42-78247CL+XZex 765th BS, 461st BG, USAAF 4/10/1944
Consolidated B-24 Liberator H41-28641A3+KBex 735th BS, 453rd BG, USAAF 4/2/1944
Consolidated B-24 Liberator H42-52106"Sunshine" ex 719th BS, 449th BG, 47th BW, 15th AF, USAAF 29/2/1944
Short Stirling Mk.1N37056+8ex No. 7 Squadron RAF

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Note: all-alphabetic codes were Stammkennzeichen form, individual to the aircraft; any codes containing one number somewhere to the left of the Balkenkreuz were combat wing-specific Geschwaderkennung codes.[2]
  2. Assumes the aircraft in question is DZ466

SourcesEdit

  1. http://modelingmadness.com/scott/decals/ce/ce72114.htm
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zirkus_Rosarius
  3. http://forum.12oclockhigh.net/archive/index.php?t-16389.html